>Labour Issue
  • ARTICLE


    According to the ILO Report of 2012, the Afghan economy will likely contract because donor spending has reduced and will affect the sectors most driven by aid and reconstruction spending, including construction, thereby increasing Afghanistan`s reliance on agriculture. Already operating on razor-thin margins, many brick kiln owners will likely be ...


    Pakistan is among the few countries in the world where slavery in the form of bonded labour exists even in the 21st century. A slavery index report, released by Walk Free Foundation in October 2013, placed Pakistan on top of the countries where slavery, including bonded and forced labour practices, are rampant. One can contest the ranking accorded ...


    Brick-making is as old as the Indus Valley Civilisation. This is proven by the discovery of fossils, utensils, broken bricks and other material during the excavation at the Mohenjo-daro and Harappa sites and other places. Brick-making is a cottage, micro- and seasonal industry. There are 1,50,000 brick manufacturing units, including brick kilns, Bangla Bhatta country bricks and tiles, in ...


    Bonded and forced labour go by different names in various parts of the country—for example, Gothi, Vethi or Bhagola in Andhra Pradesh, Vet or Begar in Maharashtra, Dadan in Odisha, Hali in Rajasthan and Padiyals in Tamil Nadu. The bonded labour system is prevalent both in agriculturally backward as well as forward areas and there have also been cases ...

  • FROM THE FIELDS


    Ganga Hati, a resident of Jugimunda village of Patnagarh block in Balangir district, Orissa, migrated with his wife Sabati, 22-year-old daughter Mukta and 16-year-old son Chaturbujato to a brick kiln in Bibi Nagar in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh. The family had taken an advance of Rs 60,000 from a middleman named Halu Bhai, who was from Bhelpara, Orissa. ...

  • EDITORIAL


    The Government of India abolished bonded labour during the period of the Emergency. The elimination of forced/bonded labour figured as item No. 4 in the 20-point economic programme announced by the then prime minister, Indira Gandhi, to the nation on 1 July 1975. Four items in the 20-point programme pertained to labour—i) Bonded labour, wherever it exists, will be ...

  • COVER STORY


    December 16, 2013. The day was a fateful one for Nilambar Dhangada Majhi (35) and Bialu Nial (30) from Kalahandi district in Orissa. For refusing to work in the brick kilns of Andhra Pradesh, the middleman, who recruited them, chopped off their hands in the Belpada jungle of Sindhekella area in ...

  • ANALYSIS


    Employment in the Brick Kilns of PunjabOne brick kiln, with a capacity of producing 30 to 40 lakh units per season, usually employs around 250 workers. Estimates about the number of functioning brick kilns in India vary from 50,000 to 100,000. This means that employment in brick kilns can vary from 12,500,000 (1.25 crores) to 25,000,000 (2.5 crores) ...

  • STATISTICS


    Constitution of IndiaArticle 23. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour – (1) Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law. Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory ...


    1. Slavery Convention (1926). (http://www.unhrchr.ch/html/menu3/b/f2sc.htm)2. Protocol Amending the Slavery Convention (1953)(http://www.unhrchr.ch/html/menu3/b/f2sc.htm)3. Annex to the Protocol Amending the Slavery Convention Signed at Geneva on 25 September 1926.(http://www.unhrchr.ch/html/menu3/b/f2sc.htm)4. Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, Institution & Practices Similar to Slavery (1956).(http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/pdf/slavetrade.pdf) (Ratified by India on 23-1-1960)5. Convention Concerning Forced Labour (1930).(http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/31.htm) (Ratified by India on 30-11-1954)6. Convention Concerning Abolition of Forced Labour (1957).(http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/31.htm) ...


    Nearly 21 million people are victims of forced labour across the world, trapped in jobs which they were coerced or deceived into and which they cannot leave, according to the ILO’s new global estimate. The Asia-Pacific region accounts for the largest number of forced labourers in the world – 11.7 million (56 per cent) of the global total, followed ...

  • INTERVIEW


    “Bonded labour is not the subject of a single department; therefore, no one is acting on it on a sustained manner. There is also official apathy on the subject. This can be overcome by assigning responsibility for its removal to a single department or by naming a nodal agency.” In this interview to Labour File, Kodikkunnil Suresh, Minister ...


    “The identification of bonded labour is more important than release. The system of identification has to be more transparent” emphasises Sri AK GARG, Registrar Law, National Human Rights Commission, in an interview given to Ruchi Gupta, of Labour File. The 1976 Act abolishes bonded labour in the country. However, bonded labour in India continues in great numbers. What ...


    “The issue of bonded and forced labour becomes difficult to comprehend because many such victims of forced labour work hidden from public view.” Ms Tine Staermose, Country Director, International Labour Organisation, speaks to Labour File about the positions of ILO nationally and internationally on the issues of bondage. India is the first South Asian country to enact a ...

  • PROFILE


    Kayal Sahoo, a 20 year-old, beautiful village girl, lives contented in a brick kiln in Ranga Reddy district, Andhra Pradesh. Kayal’s husband, Ashok Sahoo, works as a loader at the kiln. Kayal is a homemaker, and has never worked as a labourer in the brick kiln. Since her marriage, however, this young woman from Kantabanji in Balangir district of ...


    Fifteen-year-old Vasant from Balangir district of Odisha has spent most of his life in brick kilns in various districts in Andhra Pradesh. His parents had migrated when he was barely two years old. He used to loiter around the brick kiln as a child. “My father says I used to mix mud and fill the mould with my tiny ...

  • OVERVIEW


    Forced Labour: Antithesis of Decent WorkThe International Labour Organization (ILO) has been concerned with forced labour from its earliest years. In 1926, amid growing concern about the use of forced labour by colonial governments, the ILO initiated the drafting of the Forced Labour Convention (No. 29) that was adopted in 1930 and came into force in 1932. India ...

  • LABOUR IN THOSE YEARS


    Situating the Tebhaga Movement The Tebhaga movement was a major upheaval of sharecroppers and their allies—the landless labourers, rural artisans and tribals in undivided Bengal. In keeping with the meaning of the word tebhaga (three parts), the movement aimed at securing a two-thirds share of the crop for the sharecroppers, thereby reducing the rent they paid to the jotedars—a ...

  • LABOUR NEWS


    In a well-attended meeting in Delhi on 17 December 2013, the International Labour Organization (ILO) launched its ambitious India-specific Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) for next five years. A.C. Pandey, joint secretary, Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE), in his keynote address, said, “India has not ratified four core ILO Conventions. The government has taken steps to ratify ILO ...


    On 27 February 2014, Hind Mazdoor Sabha along with the entire trade union (TU) movement in the country lost one of its legendry leaders—Umraomal Purohit—at a Mumbai hospital at about 4.15 a.m. A veteran TU leader, great orator, writer, and peace lover, Purohit was the general secretary of Hind Mazdoor Sabha(HMS) consecutively for many terms. Born on 29 March ...

  • STRUGGLE NOTES


    On 13 February 2013, more than 2,000 mid-day meal workers from Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, UP and Uttarakhand marched to Parliament, demanding that the 45th ILC recommendation benefitting them be implemented. The demonstrators also demanded immediate increase in remuneration up to minimum wages, and payment for all 12 months through zero balance bank accounts. The ...

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Labour Features


“Preventing migration is against sovereignty; US could not have become the largest economy in the ...


Mexico is a country of migration, a land of mixed origin,” said Ms Margarita Zavala, ...


Tithli Ben migrated to Delhi in 1969 at the age of 19 after marriage to ...

Labour News


I am suffering because I raised voice against the atrocities of the management in the ...


Taking offence at the lack of Government initiative to take any steps to negate the ...


The saga of the workers struggle in the private power distribution companies for Delhi - ...

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